Brief Report: Cobicistat Compared With Ritonavir as a Pharmacoenhancer for Atazanavir in Combination With Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate: Week 144 Results.

Gallant JE, Koenig E, Andrade-Villanueva JF, Chetchotisakd P, DeJesus E, Antunes F, Arasteh K, Rizzardini G, Fehr J, Liu HC, Abram ME, Cao H, Szwarcberg J.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Jul 1;69(3):338-40. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000598.

BACKGROUND: Cobicistat (COBI) is a pharmacoenhancer with no antiretroviral activity. METHODS: International, randomized double-blind active-controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of COBI vs ritonavir (RTV) as a pharmacoenhancer of atazanavir in combination with emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate in HIV treatment-naive patients followed through week 144. RESULTS: At Week 144, virologic suppression was achieved in 72% (COBI) and 74% (RTV) of patients. Adverse events leading to study drug discontinuation occurred in 11% of patients in each group. Median changes in serum creatinine (mg/dL) were +0.13 (COBI) and +0.07 (RTV) and were unchanged from week 48. CONCLUSIONS: Once-daily COBI is a safe and effective pharmacoenhancer of the protease inhibitor atazanavir.

PMID: 26181707

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.