Optimizing Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy

  • Author: Nancy Reynolds, PhD, RN, C-NP, FAAN (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 3/21/18 (What's New)


  • A therapeutic alliance between the provider and patient may serve to support adherence by promoting a mutual understanding of the goals of therapy and requirements for adherence[Cushing 2007; van Dulmen 2008]
  • Providers should employ strategies to retain patients in regular care, including reminders,[Mukund Bahadur 2010] phone follow-up, and a welcoming and supportive clinic environment
  • Need to adhere to the treatment regimen should be reinforced at each clinic visit

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Keywords: Adherence