Metabolic Complications of HIV and Antiretroviral Therapy: Dyslipidemia, Insulin Resistance, and Cardiovascular Disease

  • Authors: Judith S. Currier, MD, MSc; Risa Hoffman, MD, MPH (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 10/10/18 (What's New)


  • Risk-factor reduction is key to preventing the spectrum of glucose disorders, along with avoidance of antiretroviral regimens implicated in abnormal glucose metabolism, where possible
  • EACS guidelines provide recommendations for diet and exercise that may have an impact on reducing abnormal glucose metabolism (Management Guidelines)[EACS ART]
    • These emphasize reductions in fat, cholesterol, refined carbohydrates, and foods or beverages with added sugar, as well as increases in vegetables, fruits, and grain products with fiber and the consumption of fish, poultry, and lean meat

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