- Increased rates of dyslipidemia, abnormal glucose metabolism, and cardiovascular disease are seen in HIV-infected persons
- Traditional risk factors, HIV-related factors, and ART-related factors contribute to the increased prevalence
Risk Factors and Mechanisms of Dyslipidemia: HIV Infection vs Antiretroviral Therapy
- Traditional risk factors for dyslipidemia remain relevant to HIV-infected patients
- These include older age, male sex, family history, poor diet, increased BMI, and sedentary lifestyle
- All HIV-infected patients should have fasting lipids evaluated at entry to care and before ART initiation[Aberg 2014]...
- Baseline history-taking should explore potential risk factors for dyslipidemia, including family history of genetic syndromes[Behrens 1999a; Aberg 2014]