Management of Bone Disease and Body Composition Changes

  • Author: Donald P. Kotler, MD (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Eric S. Daar, MD
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 5/7/18 (What's New)


  • Several forms of reconstructive surgery have been evaluated for the management of lipoatrophy, including:
    • Surgical techniques such as fat transfer or implants
    • Temporary or permanent injectable fillers[Sturm 2009] such as poly-L-lactic acid, calcium hydroxyapatite, and polyalkylimide

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