Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developing World

  • Authors: Sunil Solomon, MBBS, PhD, MPH; Suniti Solomon, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • A generalized epidemic is one in which the prevalence of HIV in the general population is > 1%
  • Most generalized HIV epidemics are driven by heterosexual intercourse
  • In some parts of the world, HIV epidemics are concentrated in high-risk populations, such as injection drug users, MSM, female sex workers, migrant workers, and truck drivers

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