Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developing World

  • Authors: Sunil Solomon, MBBS, PhD, MPH; Suniti Solomon, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • HIV prevalence among MSM is high in many African countries[UNAIDS 2013]
  • Bisexual activity and sexual concurrency with partners of both sexes may be common among MSM[Beyrer 2010b; Dunkle 2013; Baral 2009]
  • Homosexuality is criminalized in many countries, leading to human rights abuses, including blackmail and denial of services[Baral 2009]

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