Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developing World

  • Authors: Sunil Solomon, MBBS, PhD, MPH; Suniti Solomon, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Injection drug use is a primary mode of transmission in many parts of South and Southeast Asia, including China, Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, India, and Pakistan (Figure 2)[Mathers 2008; UNAIDS 2013]
  • Strong links between drugs and sex workers is observed in many countries in Asia, especially Indonesia, China, and Pakistan
  • Increasing numbers of regular sexual partners or spouses of IDUs are acquiring HIV infection[Panda 2000; Solomon 2011; Ahmad 2011; Zheng 1994]

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