Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developing World

  • Authors: Sunil Solomon, MBBS, PhD, MPH; Suniti Solomon, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Approximately 25% of IDUs in Central Asia and Eastern Europe are infected with HIV (Figure 2)[UNAIDS 2010]
  • Countries with the highest HIV prevalence among IDUs include Belarus (17%), Kyrgyzstan (15%), Tajikistan (14%), and Moldova (8%)[UNAIDS 2013]
  • There is a strong overlap of sex work and drug use in many of these networks

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