Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developing World

  • Authors: Sunil Solomon, MBBS, PhD, MPH; Suniti Solomon, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Estimated rate of MTCT of HIV is 2500 per 10,000 deliveries by an untreated, HIV-infected mother[Coovadia 2009]
  • Risk of MTCT at the time of delivery has been substantially reduced by the introduction of antiretroviral therapy[Guay 1999; Connor 1994; Shapiro 2009]
  • Most new HIV infections in children are attributable to MTCT[UNAIDS 2013]
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
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