Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developing World

  • Authors: Sunil Solomon, MBBS, PhD, MPH; Suniti Solomon, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Despite significant increases in antiretroviral coverage, only 54% of people eligible for therapy in low- and middle-income countries in 2011 were receiving treatment[UNAIDS 2012a]
  • “Combination prevention” approaches, incorporating biomedical prevention (eg, pre-exposure prophylaxis, circumcision), behavioral (eg, voluntary counseling and testing), and treatment strategies, are needed in these settings[Coates 2008]
  • Voluntary Counseling and Testing
    • VCT is effective in inducing behavior change among high-risk individuals[Denison 2008]
    Male Circumcision
      Management of Sexually Transmitted Infections
        Harm Reduction Interventions
          Interventions Targeted Toward Women
            Novel Prevention Strategies and Their Role in the Developing World

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