Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developing World

  • Authors: Sunil Solomon, MBBS, PhD, MPH; Suniti Solomon, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • VCT is effective in inducing behavior change among high-risk individuals[Denison 2008]
  • Barriers that impede use of VCT in the developing world include HIV-related stigma and discrimination, distance to VCT center, lack of risk perception and lack of knowledge of the benefits of ART[Ma 2007]
  • Mobile VCT clinics have improved rates of HIV VCT in the developing world[Sweat 2011; Kawichai 2007; Morin 2006]

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