Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developing World

  • Authors: Sunil Solomon, MBBS, PhD, MPH; Suniti Solomon, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Harm-reduction interventions, such as needle exchange, drug substitution, and detoxification programs, require large-scale expansion, especially in Eastern Europe and Central Asia[UNAIDS 2013]
  • Criminalization of drug use, lack of access to methadone, and the ban on use of US federal government funds for needle-exchange programs are major impediments to the implementation of harm-reduction programs in the developing world[UN Millennium Project 2005; Drucker 1998; Hurley 1997; Lurie 1997]

Action required