Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developing World

  • Authors: Sunil Solomon, MBBS, PhD, MPH; Suniti Solomon, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Stigma, lack of partner support, fear of disclosure, as well as understaffed and inaccessible health services act as barriers to the uptake of ART to prevent MTCT in sub-Saharan Africa[Gourlay 2013]
  • Resistance to nevirapine can occur in both the mother and infants after exposure to single-dose or extended courses of nevirapine[Eshleman 2005; Moorthy 2009]
  • WHO recommends initiation of triple-drug ART in all HIV-infected pregnant women (Management Guidelines)[WHO ART]

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