Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developing World

  • Authors: Sunil Solomon, MBBS, PhD, MPH; Suniti Solomon, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)

Summary

  • Sub-Saharan Africa continues to bear the largest burden of the HIV epidemic in the developing world, although the epidemic appears to have stabilized in this region
    • HIV transmission in this region is predominantly through heterosexual intercourse
  • Growing epidemics among other risk groups, including IDUs and MSM, are occurring in African countries as well as in other regions, including Eastern Europe and Southeast Asia

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