Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developed World

  • Author: Mauro Schechter, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)

Introduction

  • This module summarizes the epidemiology of HIV-1 infection in resource-rich settings

This module summarizes the epidemiology of HIV-1 infection in resource-rich settings by: 1) providing historical and geographic perspectives on the HIV epidemic; 2) reviewing the latest available data on the HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men, injection drug users, and other specific risk categories and discussing the implications of these data for clinical management; and 3) assessing the impact of antiretroviral therapy on the epidemiology of HIV-1 infection and the subsequent effects on clinical practice.

Global Overview of HIV Epidemiology in the Developed World: 1981-2012

  • Prevalence, incidence, and subgroup distributions of HIV/AIDS differ across the developed world

Prevalence, incidence, and subgroup distributions of HIV/AIDS differ among regions of the developed world. This section examines specific features of the HIV epidemics in North America, Western and Central Europe, and Oceania.

Epidemiology of HIV in North America