Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developed World

  • Author: Mauro Schechter, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • HIV prevention interventions include sexual counseling, abstinence, use of condoms, STD control, circumcision, microbicides, PrEP and PEP in HIV-negative individuals, and control of viremia in HIV-positive persons receiving ART
  • Cofactors associated with sexual HIV transmission risk include sexual activity, phase of HIV infection, and presence of STDs[Boily 2009]

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