Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developed World

  • Author: Mauro Schechter, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • HCV and HBV infections are common among HIV-infected patients because of shared routes of transmission
  • Liver disease due to chronic HCV or HBV infection is a leading cause of death among HIV-infected persons worldwide[Salmon-Ceron 2005; Weber 2006]
  • Coinfection with viral hepatitis and HIV is associated with a worse prognosis compared with monoinfection[Nikolopoulos 2009; Thein 2008]

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