Renal disease in patients with AIDS: a clinicopathologic study.

Gardenswartz MH, Lerner CW, Seligson GR, Zabetakis PM, Rotterdam H, Tapper ML, Michelis MF, Bruno MS.

Clin Nephrol. 1984 Apr;21(4):197-204.

To determine the nature and frequency of renal disorders in AIDS we reviewed the records of thirty-two patients hospitalized over a twenty-two month period. Group I, including all patients with AIDS who demonstrated proteinuria and/or renal insufficiency, numbered thirteen patients, in ten of whom renal tissue was available. Renal abnormalities included proteinuria in twelve patients, which exceeded two grams per day in seven. The glomerular histologic lesions included focal glomerulosclerosis, diffuse mesangial hypercellularity, diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis, and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. The nonglomerular histologic lesions included acute tubular necrosis, nephrocalcinosis, focal interstitial nephritis, and one case each of intrarenal cryptococcal infection and renal cell carcinoma. Nine of these thirteen patients developed renal insufficiency, and four of them required dialysis. Their mortality by the end of the study period was eleven of thirteen patients (85 percent), significantly worse in the short term than AIDS patients without renal problems. The patients in Group I were compared to the nineteen AIDS patients without renal abnormalities in Group II. The Group I patients had a higher incidence of oral and esophageal candidiasis, other fungal infections, and infections with Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare. They also had a higher incidence of exposure to aminoglycoside antibiotics and amphotericin B, and experienced more clinical shock than their Group II counterparts. It is concluded that patients with AIDS may demonstrate renal abnormalities on the basis of immune, hemodynamic, infectious, and neoplastic derangements.

PMID: 6733986

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.