Liver disease as a major cause of death among HIV infected patients: role of hepatitis C and B viruses and alcohol.

Salmon-Ceron D, Lewden C, Morlat P, Bevilacqua S, Jougla E, Bonnet F, Heripret L, Costagliola D, May T, Chene G.

J Hepatol. 2005 Jun;42(6):799-805. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2005.01.022.

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We analyzed the characteristics of HIV infected patients who died from liver disease, focusing on hepatitis virus co-infection. METHODS: One-hundred and eighty-five French hospital departments involved in HIV/AIDS management prospectively notified all deaths occurring in 2000. Patients whose hepatitis C (HCV) and hepatitis B (HBV) serostatus was known were classified as being infected by HCV alone, HBV alone (HBsAg positive), both HCV and HBV, or neither HCB nor HBV. RESULTS: Among 822 HIV infected patients, 29% were infected by HCV alone, 8% by HBV alone, and 4% by both HCV and HBV. The most frequent causes of death were liver disease (31% of cases) and AIDS (29%) among HIV-HCV co-infected patients, and AIDS (38%) and liver disease (22%) among HIV-HBV co-infected patients. Liver disease was a more frequent cause of death among patients co-infected by both HCV and HBV (44% of cases). Hepatocellular carcinoma was present in 15% of patients who died from liver disease, and was associated with HBV co-infection. Nearly half the patients who died from liver disease had more than 200 CD4/mm3. CONCLUSIONS: Liver disease is now a leading cause of death among HIV-HCV co-infected patients and is becoming an important cause of death among HIV-HBV co-infected patients. The risk of death from liver disease is highest in patients co-infected by both HCV and HBV.

PMID: 15973779

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