Overview of HIV Prevention

  • Author: Sharon L. Hillier, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 9/4/20 (What's New)


  • High HIV-1 RNA levels and presence of STDs are associated with increased transmission risks[Hollingsworth 2008; Cohen 1997]
  • Sexual Risk Reduction Interventions
    • Limited data are available to show that behavioral interventions targeting risk reduction can result in decreased HIV incidence
    • However, the CDC have endorsed effective behavioral interventions including[CDC EBI]
      Interventions for People Who Inject Drugs

      Action required