Overview of HIV Prevention

  • Author: Sharon L. Hillier, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 9/4/20 (What's New)


  • Diaphragms (or cervical caps) and female condoms are examples of female-controlled barrier devices
  • These devices can be used without active participation by the male partner[Baeten 2008]
  • Diaphragms
    • Diaphragms and other cervical caps can be inserted hours before sexual activity, can be reused, and are relatively inexpensive
    Female Condoms
      Hormonal Contraceptives and Risk of HIV Acquisition in Women

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