Overview of HIV Prevention

  • Author: Sharon L. Hillier, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 9/4/20 (What's New)


  • Observational data on potential increased risk of HIV infection among women receiving injectable hormonal contraceptives are conflicting[Heffron 2012; Morrison 2012; McCoy 2013]
  • Potential association between injectable hormonal contraceptive and HIV transmission remains controversial[Polis 2013a; Polis 2013b]
    • Additional well-designed studies needed to provide evidence to inform guidelines on the use of hormonal contraceptives by women living in areas with high HIV incidence

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