Management of Occupational and Nonoccupational HIV Exposure

  • Author: Christopher B. Hurt, MD (More Info)
  • Editors In Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 8/1/18 (What's New)


  • 2.1 million new HIV infections occurred worldwide in 2015[UNAIDS 2016]
  • Biomedical prevention/use of antiretroviral agents to prevent at-risk HIV-negative individuals from becoming newly infected important adjuvant to behavioral risk-reduction interventions
  • Strategies for biomedical prevention:
    • Treatment as prevention
    • Pre-exposure prophylaxis
    • Postexposure prophylaxis

In 2015, 2.1 million new HIV infections occurred worldwide,[UNAIDS 2016] and approximately 50,000 of these transmissions occur in the United States.[CDC 2014] In isolation, behavioral risk-reduction interventions have had limited success in reducing HIV incidence,[...

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