Management of Occupational and Nonoccupational HIV Exposure

  • Author: Christopher B. Hurt, MD (More Info)
  • Editors In Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 8/1/18 (What's New)

Summary

  • Percutaneous exposures more efficient at transmitting HIV than mucosal exposures
    • Hollow-bore needles higher risk than suture needles, with transmission risk increasing concomitantly with needle diameter[Do 2003]
  • Case-control study identified 3 factors most strongly associated with HIV seroconversion among healthcare workers following percutaneous exposures:[Cardo 1997]

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