Management of Occupational and Nonoccupational HIV Exposure

  • Author: Christopher B. Hurt, MD (More Info)
  • Editors In Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 8/1/18 (What's New)


  • Observational surveillance data revealed zidovudine use following occupational exposure associated with 81% reduction in odds of HIV infection
  • Exposures with greatest risk of seroconversion include use of large-gauge needles, deep-penetrating injuries with or without bleeding, procedures involving arteries or veins, visible blood on device causing the injury, and injuries sustained during emergency procedure[Cardo 1997]

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