Primary Care of the Newly Diagnosed HIV-Infected Patient in Developed Countries

  • Author: Mary W. Montgomery, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 8/20/18 (What's New)


  • Physical examination should include thorough examination of the skin for common HIV-related conditions
  • Funduscopic examination should be performed, with referral to an ophthalmologist for an examination under pupillary dilation in patients with CD4+ cell count < 50 cells/mm3 or ocular symptoms
  • Oropharynx should be examined for candidiasis, oral hairy leukoplakia, aphthous ulceration, Kaposi’s sarcoma, and periodontal disease

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