Primary Care for HIV-Infected Patients in Resource-Limited Settings

  • Authors: Charles van der Horst, MD; F. Parker Hudson, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 9/4/18 (What's New)


  • Only 50% of people living with HIV know that they are infected, creating a “critical gateway” to treatment and prevention[UNAIDS 2012]
  • The WHO recommends that provider-initiated testing and counselling (PITC) should be offered for all clients and in all services (Management Guidelines) (Management Guidelines)[WHO Testing; WHO ART]
    • For low-level and concentrated epidemics, WHO recommends PITC should be offered for clients (adults, adolescents, and children) who present with symptoms or medical conditions that could indicate HIV infection, including presumed and confirmed TB cases (Management Guidelines)[WHO ART]

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