Primary Care for HIV-Infected Patients in Resource-Limited Settings

  • Authors: Charles van der Horst, MD; F. Parker Hudson, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 9/4/18 (What's New)


  • HIV diagnosis, enrollment into care, and initiation of ART may be addressed in one visit or in an expedient manner to reduce loss to follow-up and provide life-saving ART as soon as possible
  • The WHO no longer recommends the need for preparation visits before ART initiation
  • Newer guidelines from the WHO recommend rapid ART initiation (within 7 days) for those with confirmed diagnosis and clinical assessment; same-day initiation should be offered to those ready to start ART (Management Guidelines)[Who Rapid Init]

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