The Approach to the HIV-Infected Patient With Specific Symptom Complexes/Common Presentations

  • Author: Steven C. Johnson, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)

Summary

    Abdominal Pain, Nausea, and Vomiting
    • Gastrointestinal complications frequently occur and have a wide differential diagnosis in persons with HIV infection (Table 1)[Wilcox 2008]
    • Gastrointestinal adverse effects are associated with PI use but can occur with many other medications
    • Pancreatitis may be a complication of disseminated opportunistic infections but is more commonly due to ART or other medication toxicity or comorbidities
    Anorectal Manifestations
      Diarrhea
        Dysphagia/Esophagitis
          Hepatobiliary Diseases

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