The Approach to the Patient With HIV With Specific Symptom Complexes/Common Presentations

  • Author: Steven C. Johnson, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 10/31/21 (What's New)


  • Cryptococcus neoformans is an important cause of meningitis in HIV infection
    • Commonly presents with fever, headache, meningismus, and photophobia
    • Diagnosis is by lumbar puncture or serum cryptococcal antigen testing

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