The Approach to the HIV-Infected Patient With Specific Symptom Complexes/Common Presentations

  • Author: Steven C. Johnson, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • PCP may occur as the initial manifestation of HIV infection in patients with undiagnosed infection
    • Typically presents with subacute symptoms, low-grade fever, prominent shortness of breath and dyspnea on exertion, a dry cough, and diffuse infiltrates on chest imaging
  • Bacterial pneumonia also occurs with increased frequency in HIV-infected patients[Wallace 1993; Kohli 2006]

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