The Approach to the HIV-Infected Patient With Specific Symptom Complexes/Common Presentations

  • Author: Steven C. Johnson, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • HIV-associated nephropathy is most common in patients with advanced immunosuppression and untreated HIV infection[Kidney Guidelines]
    • Occurs more frequently in black patients than white patients[NY Kidney]
    • Patients typically present with heavy proteinuria, although more indolent disease is seen since the ART era[NY Kidney]

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