The Approach to the Patient With HIV With Specific Symptom Complexes/Common Presentations

  • Author: Steven C. Johnson, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 10/31/21 (What's New)


  • HIV-associated nephropathy is most common in patients with advanced immunosuppression and untreated HIV infection[Kidney Guidelines]
    • Occurs more frequently in Black patients than White patients[Kidney Guidelines]
    • Patients typically present with heavy proteinuria, although more indolent disease has been seen since the ART era[Kidney Guidelines]

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