The Approach to the HIV-Infected Patient With Specific Symptom Complexes/Common Presentations

  • Author: Steven C. Johnson, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)



  • Incidence of opportunistic diseases in HIV-infected patients has declined dramatically with the availability of effective ART[Buchacz 2010]
  • Disease manifestations occurring in HIV-positive persons today are frequently due to comorbid diseases or diseases common to the general population
  • Generating an accurate differential diagnosis requires understanding of the types of illnesses that can occur in persons living with HIV infection
  • Guidelines for preventing and treating opportunistic infections in HIV-infected patients, produced jointly by the CDC, the NIH, and the HIV Medicine Association of the IDSA, are available (Management Guidelines)[CDC OI]

Diseases due to HIV