Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Infections

  • Authors: Richard E. Chaisson, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 3/30/17 (What's New)


  • Patients suspected of having NTM pulmonary disease on the basis of pulmonary symptoms and after the exclusion of TB and other common lung diseases should undergo the following workup:
    • Chest radiograph and/or high-resolution chest computed tomography scan, and at least 3 sputum specimens for AFB smear and mycobacterial culture[Griffith 2007]
  • Empiric therapy for TB should be considered while the workup for NTM pulmonary disease is ongoing

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