Viral Infections

  • Author: Jin S. Suh, MD, FACP (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 7/26/16 (What's New)

Summary

    Epidemiology
    • VZV causes an array of clinical syndromes, including varicella (chickenpox), herpes zoster (shingles) with localized or disseminated skin involvement, postinfectious vasculitis, and visceral disease
    • Shingles may present as one of the first clinical evidences of HIV infection, and for this reason, many experts recommend HIV-1 testing for any young to middle-aged individual presenting with shingles[MMWR 2009; Hung 2005]
    • HIV-infected patients have a higher incidence of herpes zoster and are at increased risk for disseminated disease[Buchbinder 1992; Rogues 1993]
    Clinical Presentation
      Diagnosis
        Treatment
          Varicella Zoster Virus Prophylaxis

          Action required