Viral Infections

  • Author: Jin S. Suh, MD, FACP; Humberto R. Jimenez, PharmD, BCPS, AAHIVP (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 8/1/21 (What's New)


  • VZV causes an array of clinical syndromes, including varicella (chickenpox), herpes zoster (shingles) with localized or disseminated skin involvement, postinfectious vasculitis, and visceral disease
  • Shingles may present as one of the first clinical evidences of HIV infection, and for this reason, many experts recommend HIV-1 testing for any young to middle-aged individual presenting with shingles[MMWR 2009; Hung 2005]
  • Patients with HIV have a higher incidence of herpes zoster and are at increased risk for disseminated disease[Buchbinder 1992; Rogues 1993]

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