Viral Infections

  • Author: Jin S. Suh, MD, FACP; Humberto R. Jimenez, PharmD, BCPS, AAHIVP (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 8/1/21 (What's New)


  • CMV polyradiculopathy may cause radicular pain, sensory deficits, urinary retention, and progressive, ascending Guillain Barré–like paralysis
    • Diagnosis is made by viral culture of the cerebrospinal fluid or CMV antigen assays and detection of CMV DNA via polymerase chain reaction
  • Ventriculoencephalitis is a late manifestation of CMV disease, with acute onset often associated with cranial-nerve palsies; symptoms include fever, lethargy, and confusion

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