Bacterial Infections

  • Author: Harjot K. Singh, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 8/31/21 (What's New)


  • Characteristic clinical features of Clostridium difficile include fever, leukocytosis (often with a leukemoid reaction), abdominal cramps, watery diarrhea, hypoalbuminemia, and detection of colitis by endoscopy or contrast computed tomography scan[Kelly 1994; Bartlett 2008a]

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