Bacterial Infections

  • Author: Harjot K. Singh, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 8/31/21 (What's New)


  • Patients with advanced HIV infection and diarrhea should be evaluated for common viral pathogens that cause diarrhea
  • Clostridium difficile should be considered in patients with antibiotic exposure
  • Most frequent causes of severe or prolonged diarrhea in patients with advanced HIV infection are Mycobacterium avium complex, cytomegalovirus, microsporidiosis, and cryptosporidiosis

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