Bacterial Infections

  • Author: Harjot K. Singh, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 8/31/21 (What's New)

Summary

    Epidemiology
    • S pneumoniae is the major cause of CAP[Mundy 1995; ref: Mandell 2007]
    • CAP incidence has decreased with use of the pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine[Millar 2008]
    • In the pre-HAART era, rates of CAP and S pneumoniae bacteremia were increased in patients with HIV compared with persons without HIV[Wallace 1993; Schuchat 1991]
    Clinical Presentation
      Differential Diagnosis
        Diagnosis
          Treatment
            Prevention
              Considerations for Resource-Limited Settings

              Action required