Bacterial Infections

  • Author: Harjot K. Singh, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Differential diagnosis of pneumonia in HIV-infected patients includes P jirovecii pneumonia or tuberculosis[Selwyn 1998]
    • P jirovecii pneumonia generally presents as a slowly progressive illness associated with a nonproductive cough; chest x-ray is normal or shows typical bilateral interstitial infiltrates
    • Tuberculosis may also occur relatively early in HIV infection and with unique chest x-ray findings

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