Clostridium difficile in a HIV-infected cohort: incidence, risk factors, and clinical outcomes.

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OBJECTIVE: Clostridium difficile is the most commonly reported infectious diarrhoea in HIV-infected patients in the United States. We set out to determine the incidence, risk factors and clinical presentation of C. difficile infections (CDIs) in a cohort of HIV-infected individuals. DESIGN: We performed a nested, case-control analysis with four non-CDI controls randomly selected for each case. METHODS: We assessed the incidence of CDI in the Johns Hopkins HIV Clinical Cohort between 1 July 2003 and 31 December 2010. Incident cases were defined as first positive C. difficile cytotoxin assay or PCR for toxin B gene. We used

PMID: 23842125

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.