Bacterial Infections

  • Author: Harjot K. Singh, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)

Supporting Assets

Table 1 | Table 2 | Table 3 | Table 4 | Table 5 | Table 6

Table 1. Treatment of Bartonella Infection in HIV-Infected Patients

Indication

First-Choice Treatment

Alternative Options

Bacillary angiomatosis, peliosis hepatitis, bacteremia, and osteomyelitis

Duration: ≥ 3 mos

CNS infections and severe infections

Duration: 3 mos

 

Confirmed endocarditis

Duration: ≥ 3 mos

With renal insufficiency*

Long-term suppression

  • Macrolide or doxycycline for patients with relapse or reinfection if CD4+ cell count remains < 200 cells/mm3

BID, twice daily; CNS, central nervous system; IV, intravenous; PO, orally; QID, 4 times daily; TID, 3 times daily.
*A number of other drugs may also require dose adjustment in patients with renal insufficiency. For details, please consult Table 7 in the 2014 “Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents.”[CDC OI]

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