Parasitic Infections in HIV-Infected Patients

  • Authors: José M. Miró, MD, PhD; Miriam J. Álvarez-Martínez, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)

Summary

    Epidemiology
    • Strongyloidiasis is caused by the nematode Strongyloides stercoralis
    • S stercoralis is endemic in many tropical and subtropical countries, particularly in humid areas and where there is poor sanitation
    • Infection can occur when infectious larvae penetrate the skin, the intestine, or perianal skin
    Clinical Manifestations
      Diagnosis
        Prevention of Exposure to the Pathogen
          Primary Prophylaxis
            Secondary Prophylaxis
              Treatment

              Action required