Parasitic Infections in HIV-Infected Patients

  • Authors: José M. Miró, MD, PhD; Miriam J. Álvarez-Martínez, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 10/20/21 (What's New)


  • PCP presents with fever, nonproductive cough, and dyspnea[Kovacs 2009; Huang 2005; Alvarez-Martínez 2008; Kovacs 1984]
  • Chest x-ray typically shows diffuse bilateral interstitial infiltrates, but also may be normal or have an atypical appearance (Figure 1)
  • Pneumothorax in a patient with HIV should raise suspicion of PCP

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