Parasitic Infections in HIV-Infected Patients

  • Authors: José M. Miró, MD, PhD; Miriam J. Álvarez-Martínez, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 10/20/21 (What's New)

Summary

    Epidemiology
    • Toxoplasmosis is an endemic infection caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii
    • Toxoplasmosis in patients with HIV results from reactivation of latent T gondii infection due to immunosuppression[Miro 2008]
    • Primary infection occurs either by eating undercooked meat or via contact with cat feces
    Clinical Manifestations
      Diagnosis
        Preventing Exposure to the Pathogen
          Primary Prophylaxis
            Secondary Prophylaxis
              Treatment

              Action required