Parasitic Infections in HIV-Infected Patients

  • Authors: José M. Miró, MD, PhD; Miriam J. Álvarez-Martínez, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)

Summary

    Epidemiology
    • Cryptosporidiosis is caused by the protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium
    • Cryptosporidiosis causes disease in immunosuppressed persons, particualry those with CD4+ cell counts < 100 cells/mm3
    • Transmission occurs by ingesting fecally contaminated food or water, exposure to fecally contaminated surfaces and objects, or via fecal-oral, person-to-person contact[Goodgame 1996]
    Clinical Manifestations
      Diagnosis
        Prevention of Exposure to the Pathogen
          Primary Prophylaxis
            Secondary Prophylaxis
              Treatment

              Action required