Parasitic Infections in HIV-Infected Patients

  • Authors: José M. Miró, MD, PhD; Miriam J. Álvarez-Martínez, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 10/20/21 (What's New)

Summary

    Epidemiology
    • Microsporidia are intracellular protozoan parasites that are related to fungi
    • Effective use of ART has dramatically reduced the incidence of microsporidiosis
    • Clinical symptoms are more common in persons with CD4+ cell counts < 100 cells/mm3[Wittner 1999; Didier 2006]
    Clinical Manifestations
      Diagnosis
        Prevention of Exposure to the Pathogen
          Primary Prophylaxis
            Treatment
              Secondary Prophylaxis

              Action required