Parasitic Infections in HIV-Infected Patients

  • Authors: José M. Miró, MD, PhD; Miriam J. Álvarez-Martínez, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Malaria infection should be suspected in all patients with fever who have traveled to or lived in malaria-endemic areas or received blood or organs from persons who have been in such areas
  • Direct microscopic examination of the parasite on stained blood films is the gold-standard diagnostic technique[WHO 2004]
  • Other diagnostic tests include a rapid antigen detection test, a serologic test, and species-specific polymerase chain reaction–based assays[WHO 2008]

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